What is the Zika Virus?
The Zika virus is spread through the bit of certain types of mosquitoes. While it can cause fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis, approximately 80% of those with the virus do not become ill or have symptoms. Zika can also be spread through blood transfusions and sexual contact.
High Risk Areas
Countries reporting active transmissions include:
Anguilla, Argentina, Aruba, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Brazil, Colombia, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, US Virgin Islands, Venezuela.
Also included is Samoa and Cape Verde. Just recently cases have been found in a small portion of Florida north of Miami.
Let Your Healthcare Provider Know if:
- You or your partner have travelled to an area with Zika activity
- You are pregnant
- You have fever, rash, joint pain, or red eyes within 2 weeks after traveling to an area affected by Zika
- Apply EPA-approved insect repellent
- Wear pants and long sleeve shirts to cover exposed skin
- Limit activities during peak mosquito times
When at home:
- Use screens and close windows/doors to keep mosquitoes out
- Cover trash cans, containers where water can collect
- Remove standing water in and around your home – includes water in cans, toys, tires, plant saucers, etc.
- Change pet dishes outside daily
- Maintain backyard pools or hot tubs
- Change water in wading pools, bird baths several times a week
- Treat front and back door areas with residual insecticides if mosquitoes are abundant nearby